Mahabad Republic of Kurdistan
- Also known as the Democratic Republic of Kurdistan, the Mahabad Republic of Kurdistan in northwestern Iran was a rump Kurdish state that was proclaimed on 22 January 1946, received considerable aid from the Soviet Union, but collapsed by December 1946. Its much revered leader Qazi Muhammad was hanged on 31 March 1947, and the Kurdistan Democratic Party of Iran (KDPI) he headed virtually ceased to exist.During the republic's brief tenure, its schools began to teach in Kurdish, while scholars also began to translate texts into that language. A printing press provided by the Soviet Union produced a daily newspaper and a famous monthly journal called Nishtiman (Motherland). Limited amounts of Soviet military aid also arrived.There is debate over whether Qazi Muhammad actually sought complete independence or simply autonomy. During its brief existence, the miniscule entity extended no further than the small cities of Mahabad, Bukan, Naqada, and Ushnaviya in a part of what is now the Iranian province of Western Azerbaijan. Thus, not even all of Iranian Kurdistan supported the experiment, let alone the Kurds in other states. On the other hand, the Mahabad Republic had pan-Kurdish ambitions and attracted such non-Iranian Kurds as Mulla Mustafa Barzani, who served as one of the republic's generals. There also can be no doubt that the Mahabad Republic became a symbol of forlorn Kurdish nationalism and statehood in the 20th century. The Mahabad Republic collapsed due to Iran's vigorous response, the Soviet Union's unwillingness to offer more support, and the usual Kurdish divisions.Mahabad acquired its current name during the 1920s in the time of Reza Shah Pahlavi. Previously it was known as Sawadj or Sawdj-Bulak. The city has long boasted a purer Kurdish culture and more intense Kurdish nationalism than the larger cities of Urumiya (Rezaiya) to the north and Sanandadj to the south, both of which have important non-Kurdish minorities. Thus, Mahabad has earned the premier role in the development of Iranian Kurdish nationalism.
Historical Dictionary of the Kurds. Michael M. Gunter.
Look at other dictionaries:
Kurdistan Democratic Party of Iran — (KDPI) The Kurdistan Democratic Party of Iran (KDPI) originally simply called the Kurdish Democratic Party was established by Qazi Muhammad in September 1945, as he moved to proclaim the shortlived Mahabad Republic of Kurdistan on 22 January… … Historical Dictionary of the Kurds
Kurdistan Democratic Party — (KDP) The preeminent Kurdish party in Iraq, the Kurdish Democratic Party (renamed Kurdistan Democratic Party in 1953 to indicate that it represented all the people in Iraqi Kurdistan, not just the Kurds), is essentially a nationalist and… … Historical Dictionary of the Kurds
Republic of Mahabad — کۆماری مەهاباد Komarî Mehabad 1946–1947 … Wikipedia
Mahabad (disambiguation) — Mahabad is a city in northwestern Iran. Mahabad may also refer to: Republic of Mahabad, a short lived, Kurdish state of the 20th century, officially known as the Republic of Kurdistan Mahabad, Isfahan, a city in Isfahan Province, Iran Mahabad,… … Wikipedia
Kurdistan Democratic Party of Iran — The Kurdistan Democratic Party of Iran ( ku. Hîzbî Dêmokiratî Kurdistanî Êran) is a Kurdish opposition group in Iranian Kurdistan which seeks the attainment of Kurdish national rights within a democratic federal republic of Iran.The current… … Wikipedia
Kurdistan — For other uses, see Kurdistan (disambiguation). Kurdistan Kurdish inhabited areas … Wikipedia
Mahabad — For other uses, see Mahabad (disambiguation). Mahabad مهاباد city Lake of Mahabad … Wikipedia
Kurdistan Democratic Party of Iraq — Infobox Political Party party name = Kurdistan Democratic Party Partiya Demokrata Kurdistanê پارتیا دەمۆکراتا کوردستانێ الحزب الديمقراطي الكردستاني colorcode = yellow party leader = Massoud Barzani foundation = 16 august, 1946 ideology = Social… … Wikipedia
Republik Kurdistan — Die Republik Mahabad (Kurdisch: Komara Kurdistan a Mahabadê, persisch جمهوری مهاباد), auch Republik von Mahabad, Republik Mahabad oder Volksrepublik Mahabad genannt, war der einzige kurdische Nationalstaat. Mit der Republik Ararat gab es 15… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Iranian Kurdistan — (Kurdish: کوردستانی ئران Kurdistanî Iran ) [ [http://www.amude.net/Hevpeyvin Kurdi deep.php?newsLanguage=Kurdi newsId=866 www.amude.com ] ] or Kurdistana Rojhilat (Eastern Kurdistan) [ [http://www.demanu.com.tr/arsiv/06 03 2006 143sy/niv 06… … Wikipedia